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date: 09 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Most people with disabilities have used community services to meet their needs as they engage the community for work and leisure. These services include independent living, vocational, health care and educational services. Some individuals depend on these services to participate as full citizens in the community, and, without them, would be institutionalized. As rehabilitation evolves toward an ecological model that recognizes participation as the ultimate goal, the rehabilitation psychologist is uniquely positioned to maximize these outcomes. Working in a traditional role, the rehabilitation psychologist can make knowledgeable referrals to community services that improve participation outcomes. Working in a new role that we label “community rehabilitation psychologist,” psychologists may use community psychology concepts and methods to deliver “treatments” at the community level, to make the local community accessible to the full participation of all people with disabilities.

Keywords: Independent living, vocational rehabilitation, health care, transition services, community psychology, ecological disability model

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