- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editor
- Rehabilitation Psychology: Introduction, Review, and Background
- A Field in Flux: The History of Rehabilitation Psychology
- Psychological Models in Rehabilitation Psychology
- Adjustment to Chronic Illness and Disabilities: Theoretical Perspectives, Empirical Findings, and Unresolved Issues
- Epidemiological Context and Concerns
- Rehabilitation Outcomes and Assessment: Toward a Model of Complex Adaptive Rehabilitation
- Organization and Planning in Person-Centered Hospital-Based Rehabilitation Services
- An Emerging Role for the Rehabilitation Psychologist in Community Rehabilitation Service Delivery
- Families in Rehabilitation
- Children with Chronic Health Conditions
- Aging, Rehabilitation, and Psychology
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Stroke and Rehabilitation: Psychological Perspectives
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Post-Acute Rehabilitation
- Spinal Cord Injuries
- Persistent and Chronic Pain
- Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
- Cardiovascular Rehabilitation
- Limb Amputation
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Education and Training in Rehabilitation Psychology
- Ethics in Psychology: Expanding Horizons
- Vocational Rehabilitation, Inclusion, and Social Integration
- Resilience in People with Physical Disabilities
- The Expert Patient and the Self-Management of Chronic Conditions and Disabilities
- Health Legislation and Public Policies
- Disease Prevention Through Lifestyle Interventions
- Aspects of Culture Influencing Rehabilitation and Persons with Disabilities
- Rehabilitation Psychology and Global Health
- Rehabilitation Psychology: The Continuing Challenge
Abstract and Keywords
Improvements in medical care, advanced methods of detection, and innovations in pharmacological treatment have led to decreased mortality rates following traumatic injury and increased life expectancies for people living with long-term health conditions. Recent years have seen a conversion of views from the medical and social fields as a growing body of research highlighted links among biological, psychological, and social aspects of chronic illness. In a step back from the medical model that dominated hospital care for so long, clinicians began to consider how individual differences inherent to the patient can impact on treatment, adherence, and motivation. Psychological theory has provided an ideal framework on which to structure the provision of person-centered rehabilitation and to engage the patient in taking responsibility and ownership of treatment plans under the guidance of specialists in the field.
This chapter discusses issues pertinent to the organization and delivery of person-centered rehabilitation services, the theories underlying the approach, the challenges faced by hospital-based rehabilitation services, and future directions through which the provision of rehabilitation care can continue to improve.
Emilie F. Smithson, The National Spinal Injuries Centre, Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom
Paul Kennedy is Professor of Clinical Psychology and Academic Director, Oxford Doctoral Course in Clinical Psychology, University of Oxford.
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