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date: 05 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Improvements in medical care, advanced methods of detection, and innovations in pharmacological treatment have led to decreased mortality rates following traumatic injury and increased life expectancies for people living with long-term health conditions. Recent years have seen a conversion of views from the medical and social fields as a growing body of research highlighted links among biological, psychological, and social aspects of chronic illness. In a step back from the medical model that dominated hospital care for so long, clinicians began to consider how individual differences inherent to the patient can impact on treatment, adherence, and motivation. Psychological theory has provided an ideal framework on which to structure the provision of person-centered rehabilitation and to engage the patient in taking responsibility and ownership of treatment plans under the guidance of specialists in the field.

This chapter discusses issues pertinent to the organization and delivery of person-centered rehabilitation services, the theories underlying the approach, the challenges faced by hospital-based rehabilitation services, and future directions through which the provision of rehabilitation care can continue to improve.

Keywords: Person-centered care, goal setting, needs assessment, rehabilitation, empowerment

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