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date: 01 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Rehabilitation psychology depends upon a broad theoretical base incorporating frameworks, theories, models, and methodologies from many different areas of psychology, as well as from other professions invested in the health and rehabilitation of persons living with disabilities and chronic health conditions. This chapter considers some illustrative models that have been influential in rehabilitation psychology—both historically and in the present—including the biopsychosocial model, and psychological models derived from learning theory and behavior modification, psychoanalytic theory, social psychology, neuropsychology, and cognitive-behavioral theory. The current status of these models, their impact on current clinical practice, and future directions—including the role of dynamic models sensitive to differential trajectories of growth, adjustment, and development over time—will be discussed.

Keywords: Rehabilitation psychology, psychological models, disability, chronic illness, health care, assessment, intervention

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