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date: 08 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Many chronic diseases are now recognized to be related to an individual's lifestyle behaviors. This chapter focuses on the critical role that eating and exercise behaviors have in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. We also review empirically supported treatment approaches for modifying unhealthy eating and exercise behaviors. In addition to directly increasing risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, excessive caloric intake and physical inactivity may also elevate disease risk by increasing body weight. In line with this, obesity is recognized as a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Fortunately, there is now strong evidence that comprehensive lifestyle programs that involve dietary modification, physical activity, and weight loss can reduce risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Although change may be difficult, health care professionals who are trained in behavioral techniques can greatly facilitate healthy lifestyle changes in their patients.

Keywords: Obesity, diet, exercise, physical activity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, lifestyle

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