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date: 08 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an overview of the current clinical and research literature on traumatic brain injury (TBI), as it pertains to rehabilitation psychology. The background context is provided first, describing the epidemiology of TBI, mechanisms of the injury, recovery process, and outcome. The section concludes with the role of assessment in rehabilitation, drawing on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. The next section focuses on the psychological rehabilitation of TBI, initially by describing principles of evidence-based clinical practice and resources such as PsycBITE ( to facilitate rapid identification of relevant research and critical appraisal. Inpatient and community models of rehabilitation are described, and the final section of the chapter reports results of systematic reviews on the types and effectiveness of interventions for cognitive, behavioral, and emotional disorders commonly encountered after TBI.

Keywords: Brain injuries, neuropsychology, cognition disorders, disability, rehabilitation, evidence-based clinical practice, systematic reviews, PsycBITE, International Classification of Functioning, Disability, Health (ICF)

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