Abstract and Keywords
Alexander’s conquest of the Achaemenid Empire marks a watershed in Iranian history. The conquest and the Greek sources available that discuss it are assessed, as is Alexander’s treatment of Iranian cities and their inhabitants. The influence of Achaemenid ceremony on Alexander and his successors is analyzed. The conflicts between Alexander’s successors, particularly Antigonus and Eumenes, over succession to his conquered domains were equally important for the future of western Iran, as was the eventual emergence of a new empire under Seleucus I. The organization of Seleucid rule in western Iran and the archaeological and epigraphic evidence of its extent are summarized.
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