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date: 25 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The archaeology and early history of Iran must be understood against an environmental backdrop that differed from that of the present day. Key indicators of ancient climate and environment are reviewed from selected sites in western Iran, such as Lakes Zeribar and Mirabad. The paleoclimatic evidence for warmer and wetter as well as colder and drier episodes during the Holocene is presented and the implications for vegetation, water resources, and human exploitation of the environment are discussed. Palynological evidence is emphasized.

Keywords: paleoclimate, paleoenvironment, palynology, Holocene, Lake Zeribar, Lake Mirabad

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