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date: 18 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an overview of Old Persian, an Old Iranian language belonging to the Indo-European family, which was used in southwestern Iran during the mid- to late first millennium BC. The history of the decipherment of the Achaemenid cuneiform inscriptions written in Old Persian is reviewed. The specific characteristics of the writing system used for Old Persian are outlined and the contexts in which Old Persian was written are discussed. The identity of the scribes involved and the purposes to which written Old Persian were put are all treated.

Keywords: Old Persian, Indo-European, Old Iranian, decipherment, cuneiform

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