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date: 23 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Pre-Islamic Iran was home to a variety of different linguistic groups. This chapter reviews the linguistic evidence for the presence of Elamite, Kassite, Lullubian, Gutian, Mannean, Hurrian, and Iranian speakers, principally in western Iran, as attested in contemporary Mesopotamian cuneiform sources. Particular emphasis is placed on anthroponyms, ethnonyms, and toponyms. The linguistic affiliation of the different groups inhabiting western Iran is treated, as is the gradual Iranization of the region.

Keywords: Elamites, Kassites, Lullubians, Gutians, Manneans, Hurrians, Iranians

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