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date: 20 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The emphasis in this chapter is on the archaeological evidence from the major sites of Susa, Haft Tepe, and Choga Zanbil, the primary centers of ancient Elam. The region’s close ties to Mesopotamia, resulting from both cultural influence and outright political domination, are highlighted. The appearance of an independent dynasty in the late third millennium under Puzur-Inshushinak and of the Shimashki dynasty in the early second millennium BC is stressed. The chapter reviews historical data as well as the architectural, ceramic, and glyptic evidence from the area and discusses political and economic relationships with polities to the west, beyond the Mesopotamian alluvium.

Keywords: Susa Haft, Tepe Choga, Zanbil, Shimashki, Puzur-Inshushinak, Elam

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