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date: 17 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the evidence of Achaemenid occupation in the eastern provinces of the empire, namely Parthava, Drangiana, Karmania, Maka, Margiana, Areia, Arachosia, and Bactriana. A combination of literary, epigraphic, and archaeological evidence is adduced. The nature of the local assemblages in each area is outlined and signs of Achaemenid administration are presented. The testimony of the relevant Greek sources, written in the wake of Alexander’s conquest of the region, is discussed.

Keywords: Parthava, Drangiana, Karmania, Maka, Margiana, Areia, Arachosia, Bactriana, Achaemenids

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