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date: 04 July 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores the use of color and gilding on Achaemenid sculpture and architectural relief. The analytical methods used to detect microscopic traces of pigment and to analyze the composition of ancient pigments are described, as is the terminology of color in Elamite and Old Persian. The history of scholarship on color on Achaemenid monuments is reviewed, revealing that many instances of preserved pigment have been observed during the past few centuries. Case studies are presented of color on the façade of Darius I’s tomb at Naqsh-e Rustam and of pigments adhering to painters’ bowls from the Apadana at Persepolis.

Keywords: color, gilding, Achaemenids, sculpture, pigments, Persepolis, Naqsh-e Rustam, Apadana

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