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date: 18 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The phrase “relapse prevention” has multiple meanings: It is a theory about behavior change attempts, a specific treatment approach, and a set of intervention strategies. The theory of relapse prevention acknowledges that behavior change is difficult and that cognitive-behavioral strategies can be useful for maintaining successful behavior changes. Relapse prevention treatment can be defined as either a treatment program or a set of intervention strategies with two specific aims: (1) to prevent an initial lapse and maintain treatment gains; and (2) to provide lapse management if a lapse occurs in order to prevent further relapse. The ultimate goal is to provide the skills to foster positive behavior change. In this chapter we review the conceptual background and history of relapse prevention, provide an example of a relapse prevention treatment protocol, review the latest research on relapse prevention approaches, and introduce numerous directions for future research and clinical practice.

Keywords: relapse prevention, addiction, cognitive-behavioral model of relapse, dynamic model of relapse, skills training, negative emotions, self-efficacy, abstinence violation effect

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