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date: 18 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) was developed by Albert Ellis. He first presented his work in the 1950s and was a pioneer in the field of cognitive-behavioral therapy. The underlying tenet of REBT is that it is not the activating event that causes an emotional reaction but the associated thoughts and beliefs. His theory had a strong philosophical base, and he distinguished between functional and dysfunctional emotions. He also emphasized the importance of secondary emotional reactions in the development of disturbed thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. He highlighted the importance of disputing irrational demands and evaluations in therapy, rather than focusing on inferences. To date, there has been a weight of evidence supporting the relationship between irrational beliefs and psychological dysfunction. The research into clinical applications of REBT has been studied to a lesser degree, but the findings have supported its effectiveness in treating a range of psychological disturbances.

Keywords: rational emotive behavior therapy, Ellis, irrational beliefs, disputing, research base, REBT

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