Abstract and Keywords
The review is focused mostly on the dynamics of place attachment on the individual level and is structured according to the antecedents, development, and consequences of place attachment. It is concluded that dimensional frameworks and models of place attachment provide researchers adequate taxonomies with which they can locate their studies. More studies to verify causal sequences, underlying needs, and processes/dynamics of place attachment are needed. The interplay between automatic affective reactions, self, personality, learning, and culture in place attachment is described but remains a largely open question for future studies. Theories for understanding the development of place attachment include attachment theory, the mere-exposure hypothesis, the theories of self-regulation, privacy and friendship regulation, theories of coping (with developmental tasks and stress), theories of identity development, and self-theories. Evidence for the positive connection between place attachment and conservation behavior is still mixed. Future research to deepen and integrate the theoretical work on place attachment is called for.
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