Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 06 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Noise exposure from air, road and rail transport, construction, and industry is a pervasive environmental pollutant. Noise causes annoyance and sleep disturbance and may interfere with cognitive performance in both children and adults. Generally the stress hypothesis is believed to underlie noise effects on health. Evidence for effects of noise on mental health is mixed. Noise exposure is associated with increased report of psychological symptoms, especially anxiety symptoms, increased prescription of minor tranquilizers and hypnotics, and impairment of well-being in both adults and children. On the other hand, community studies have generally not found increased rates of common mental disorders related to noise exposure. There is a need for methodologically stronger longitudinal studies to definitively address whether noise has more serious mental health effects.

Keywords: noise, aircraft, traffic, mental health, depression, anxiety, medication, annoyance, sleep

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.