Abstract and Keywords
This chapter presents an overview of theories and empirical research on human relations to natural landscapes. The first part reviews evolutionary models and related research on preference for natural landscapes. The role of several environmental properties in promoting individual adaptive response to natural settings is examined. Then the response to natural landscapes is discussed through the analysis of the relationships between preference and either actual or perceived opportunity for psychological restoration. The role of cognitive and affective mediators in the search for adaptation to the environment is also outlined. In the second part, moving from an evolutionary and cognitive to a social psychological frame of reference, the role of worldviews, values, and attitudes—and their sociocultural correlates—in the transaction with natural landscapes and resources is analyzed, and the possibilities for both positive and negative human responses to natural landscapes are illustrated. Finally, directions for future research are identified.
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