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date: 06 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter considers urban territory as a place where more than half of the world population lives. After an objective description of the perceptions and images associated with a city, the physical and social environmental urban conditions are reviewed and their impact on the behavior and sociability of city dwellers is analyzed. City dwellers have been observed to have specific adaptive behavior patterns and sociability within the constraints imposed by urban stress and the bad conditions of urban life. Current city developments and especially the growing disparity within the population raises the question of the appropriation of the overall urban infrastructure and of a way of living together in cooperative harmony from the standpoint of an urban citizenship, indispensable for the sustained development of the megapoles of today.

Keywords: urban environment, urban stressors, living conditions, density, adaptive behaviors, civility, social relationships, interpersonal relationships, appropriation, urban identity, urban dweller, sustainable development of cities

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