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date: 13 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Selection research tends to occur in a vacuum with a disproportionate emphasis on individual-level validity, seemingly oblivious to the world and context around it. We argue that selection research will be enhanced, and probably will more likely be implemented, if scholars take context seriously. However, doing so requires a change in theory, method, and analysis. We first explain what context is and why it has been neglected in selection research. We then describe theory and research on social and organizational contextual factors relevant to selection. Our argument is not that context will moderate the validity of predictor-performance relationships, but rather that context exerts a strong direct influence on performance and the selection process itself. We conclude with a discussion of implications for research and practice. If one truly cares about the prediction of performance, then one should care about both contextual and individual differences.

Keywords: selection context, social context, organizational context, environment

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