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date: 09 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The purpose of this chapter is to review and synthesize theory and research on person–environment (PE) fit as it applies to selection and recruitment from both the organization's and applicant's perspective. PE fit conceptualizations are briefly reviewed, delineating different subtypes, modes, and operationalizations of fit, with particular attention to their role in selection. A heuristic model is then developed that explores how actual assessment of fit as well as perceptions of the degree of fit influence hiring decisions on the part of the organization and decisions to join the organization on the part of the applicant. Individual and organizational factors that influence the degree of fit during recruiting and selection are addressed as well as the effect of fit on initial work responses and behaviors. Implications of the framework are discussed to provide future directions for research and theory.

Keywords: person–environment fit, person–organization fit, selection, recruitment

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