Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 15 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The fall of the Sasanian Empire in seventh century bc was chiefly complemented by their defeat at the hands of the Byzantines. By the time Muslim armies attacked Iraq, the Sasanian military colonies of Yemen, Bahrain, and Oman had already recognized the Muslim seat of power at Medina. Although the vast Persian army was a behemoth against consolidated fighting forces of the Muslim and Christian Arabs, prolonged war and ongoing infighting in the Persian courts finally led to the Persian defeat. The decisive battle occurred at al-Qadisiyya where the death of Persian commander Rostam resulted in the subsequent desertion of the Persian forces to the Muslim side, their conversion to Islam, and hence participation in the successive raids. This was the ostensible death knell for the Persian Empire. The history is hence frequently marked with inter-tribal conflicts among the Arabs, who mostly settled in the northwestern flaks of the plateau.

Keywords: Iraq, military colony, Oman, Medina, Rostam, inter-tribal conflict, Christian Arab

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.