Abstract and Keywords
The fall of the Sasanian Empire in seventh century bc was chiefly complemented by their defeat at the hands of the Byzantines. By the time Muslim armies attacked Iraq, the Sasanian military colonies of Yemen, Bahrain, and Oman had already recognized the Muslim seat of power at Medina. Although the vast Persian army was a behemoth against consolidated fighting forces of the Muslim and Christian Arabs, prolonged war and ongoing infighting in the Persian courts finally led to the Persian defeat. The decisive battle occurred at al-Qadisiyya where the death of Persian commander Rostam resulted in the subsequent desertion of the Persian forces to the Muslim side, their conversion to Islam, and hence participation in the successive raids. This was the ostensible death knell for the Persian Empire. The history is hence frequently marked with inter-tribal conflicts among the Arabs, who mostly settled in the northwestern flaks of the plateau.
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