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date: 11 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Sport is an ideal environment in which to explore the influence of emotion on performance and the efficacy of strategies to regulate emotions. In performance settings such as sport, emotions are important at a group level and at an individual level, influencing physical functioning, cognitive functioning, motivation, and, ultimately, performance. The emotional responses to performance settings can be aligned with specific cardiovascular changes into identifiable challenge and threat states with particular performance consequences. A number of strategies to regulate emotions are outlined based on Gross’ model, and the development of the ability to regulate emotions is discussed along with individual differences that influence the use, and efficacy, of emotion regulation strategies. Although regulating emotions may help achieve the most suitable emotional state for competition, the possible cost of engaging in this process for performance on subsequent tasks is discussed. The chapter concludes with potential areas for future research.

Keywords: Affect, mood, regulation, challenge, threat, self-control, athletes, performers, arousal

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