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date: 24 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The purpose of the current chapter is to examine the role of culture/ethnicity on performance. After beginning with an overview of culture/ethnicity issues in the United States, the remainder of the chapter is organized into three sections: cultural/ethnic factors related to performance, factors that influence culture/ethnicity, and strategies for integrating culture/ethnicity into performance-based practice. The first section examines cultural/ethnic awareness and understanding related to historical issues, acculturation, and worldview. Challenges that affect the performance of cultural/ethnic groups, including “crossing-over” and racism, are explored. In the second section, factors including age, gender, and socioeconomic status that interact with culture/ethnicity to influence performance are reviewed. The third section discusses strategies to integrate culture/ethnicity with performance enhancement, including communication, cultural exchange, and cultivating opportunities for under-represented groups. A model for understanding the role of culture/ethnicity in regard to performance is proposed.

Keywords: Culture, ethnicity, sport, performance, gender, socioeconomic status (SES)

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