Abstract and Keywords
This chapter focuses on the nature of teamwork as perceived from the perspective of sport, industrial, and military psychology. First, commonly held definitions for a team in each of these three areas are introduced. This is followed by a discussion of how teamwork is conceptualized. Important correlates of teamwork and performance have been identified within the three areas, including cooperation, role relationships, leadership, and cohesion. We provide a framework to facilitate our discussion of these correlates. Then, research carried out in sport, industry, and the military pertaining to each correlate is reviewed. Because of the perceived importance of teamwork, numerous team building interventions have been undertaken to enhance it. The types of interventions and their relative effectiveness are outlined. Finally, future directions are proposed.
Keywords: Team, teamwork, team performance, conceptualization of teamwork, correlates of teamwork and performance, cooperation, role relationships, leadership, cohesion, team building interventions for teamwork
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