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date: 05 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The beliefs that people have in their own, others’, and their teams’ capabilities have been extensively studied in the fields of sport and performance psychology. This is perhaps unsurprising, given that these efficacy beliefs have consistently been found to predict a variety of indicators of improved performance, and, importantly, have also been shown to be malleable and thus enhanced through intervention. In this chapter, we provide a conceptual overview of the distinct types of efficacy belief that exist when people ‘perform’ specific tasks within individual, relational, and group settings. In addition, we discuss the sources of these efficacy cognitions, as well as the direct and indirect implications for personal, relational, and group/team performance. We also provide a brief discussion of implications for applied practice, and highlight some important questions for future research in sport and performance psychology.

Keywords: Self-efficacy theory, relational efficacy, role efficacy, tripartite model, collective efficacy, coaching efficacy, sport psychology, performance psychology

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