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date: 23 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The flourishing of Japanese cinema in the late 1930s, together with the rapid increase in the number of films produced, went hand in hand with the process of manufacturing domestic motion picture film stock. Going back to the period when the first nitrate film was produced in Japan, this chapter shows important facts about the birth of the film stock industry in Japan and reveals the major characteristics of this industry, which was also subsidized by Japan’s kokusaku (national policy) of this period. It also examines the complicated relationship between the raw film manufacturers, including Fuji Photo Film, founded in 1934, and film production companies. This chapter depicts the fluid environment around Japanese cinema of the 1930s from a viewpoint of the materials that the industry untilized.

Keywords: raw film, nitrate film, celluloid, film industry, Japanese cinema, national policy

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