- The Oxford Handbook of Religion, Conflict, and Peacebuilding
- Religious Peacebuilding: The Exotic, the Good, and the Theatrical
- Religious Violence: The Strong, the Weak, and the Pathological
- Religion, Peace, and the Origins of Nationalism
- Religion, Nationalism, and the Politics of Secularism
- Secular-Religious Encounters as Peacebuilding
- Structural and Cultural Violence in Religion and Peacebuilding
- The New Name for Peace? Religion and Development as Partners in Strategic Peacebuilding
- Violent and Nonviolent Religious Militancy
- Religious Violence and State Violence
- The Comparative Study of Ethics and the Project of the Justpeace
- The Place of Religious Freedom in the Structure of Peacebuilding
- Women, Religion, and Peacebuilding
- Reconciliation, Politics, and Transitional Justice
- Negotiating Secular and Religious Contributions to Social Change and Peacebuilding
- Secular Militancy as an Obstacle to Peacebuilding
- Religion and Peace in Asia
- Peacebuilding in the Muslim World
- Youth and Interfaith Conflict Transformation
- The Possibilities and Limits of Inter-Religious Dialogue
- Ritual, Religion, and Peacebuilding
- Spirituality and Religious Peacebuilding
- The Intersection of Christian Theology and Peacebuilding
- Religious Communities and Possibilities for Justpeace
- Religion, Nationalism, and Solidarity Activism
- Religion, Conflict, and Peacebuilding: Synthetic Remarks
Abstract and Keywords
Although the literature on religious violence is contested to such a degree that one is uncertain what to call the field of study, this chapter argues that there is such a thing as religion and that under certain circumstances religions incite or legitimate deadly violence. Yet the relationship between religions, religious actors, and violence is much more complex than that. This chapter surveys the main trends of a vast literature on that relationship and sorts it into three categories and several sub-categories. Each category explicates a different conceptualization and evaluation of religion and religious agency. In the concluding section this chapter suggests that sufficient work of high quality exists to make possible the integration of the seminal insights of these literatures into a coherent theory of religion and violence.
R. Scott Appleby is Professor of History and the Marilyn Keough Dean of the Keough School of Global Affairs at the University of Notre Dame. His research examines the roots of religious violence and the potential of religious peacebuilding. Appleby co-chaired the Chicago Council on Global Affairs’ Task Force on Religion and the Making of U.S. Foreign Policy, which released the influential report “Engaging Religious Communities Abroad: A New Imperative for U.S. Foreign Policy.” He also directs Contending Modernities, a major multi-year project to examine the interaction among religious and secular forces in the modern world. Appleby is the author of The Ambivalence of the Sacred: Religion, Violence and Reconciliation (Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2000), and editor of Spokesmen for the Despised: Fundamentalist Leaders of the Middle East (University Of Chicago Press, 1997). With Martin E. Marty, he co-edited the five-volume Fundamentalism Project (University of Chicago Press).
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