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This version of the article reflects changes made in the paperback edition [9780190674434].

Updated on 11 December 2019. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 23 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article, which discusses the concept of “democratic music education,” begins by situating the principles for advocacy, providing a rationale where these are discussed from the perspective of different authors. The next section establishes a framework for what could be a sustainable music education program from the perspective of a democratic approach. Then, it addresses the issue of initial and continuing music teacher education, pointing to a professional profile that will be capable of working in diverse formal and nonformal music educational contexts, while maintaining an ongoing reflexive critical attitude. The final section presents a number of research findings about the implementation of social projects involving music education in Brazil, and one project of social inclusion through engagement with music that is being implemented in Portugal. The article concludes by summarizing the main points covered and their broad implications for a redefinition of music education.

Keywords: music education, democratic approach, music teacher education, social projects, Brazil, social inclusion, Portugal

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