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date: 24 May 2019

Abstract and Keywords

To a great extent, international law enforcement has been “Americanized” in recent decades. This essay traces the significant part that the U.S. government’s efforts to establish a global drug prohibition regime played in the export of organized crime control policies, before more closely examining the process as it played out in Canada. Three key responses to organized crime: the Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act, Currency Transaction Reporting mechanisms (CTRs), and Criminal Associations Legislation can be traced directly to a deliberate initiative by the United States to export to Canada and to the wider international community specific policies, legislation, and bureaucratic machinery. It traces the route by which the U.S. model became the international model and briefly examines with what consequences. The essay concludes with a brief account of the export of administrative approaches to organized crime.

Keywords: international law enforcement: drug prohibition, organized crime control policies, Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act: currency transaction reporting mechanisms (CTRS), criminal associations legislation, administrative approaches

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