- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime
- List of Contributors
- Organized Crime: A Contested Concept
- Theoretical Perspectives on Organized Crime
- Searching for Organized Crime in History
- How to Research Organized Crime
- The Italian Mafia
- The Italian-American Mafia
- the Russian Mafia: Rise and Extinction
- Organized Crime in Colombia: The Actors Running the Illegal Drug Industry
- Mexican Drug “Cartels”
- Chinese Organized Crime
- The Japanese Yakuza
- Nigerian Criminal Organizations
- Gangs Another Form of Organized Crime?
- Opportunistic Structures of Organized Crime
- Organizing Crime: The State as Agent
- The Social Embeddedness of Organized Crime
- Protection and Extortion
- Drug Markets and Organized Crime
- Human Smuggling, Human Trafficking, and Exploitation in the Sex Industry
- Illegal Gambling
- Money Laundering
- Arms Trafficking
- Organized Fraud
- The Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources
- Organized Crime Control in the United States of America
- U.S. Organized Crime Control Policies Exported Abroad
- European Union Organized Crime Control Policies
- The Fight Against the Italian Mafia
- Organized Crime Control in Australia and New Zealand
- Organized Crime “Control” in Asia: Experiences from India, China, and the Golden Triangle
- Finance-Oriented Strategies of Organized Crime Control
Abstract and Keywords
Fraud generates illicit income and accounts for a large proportion of the total proceeds of crime, at least in advanced countries. In the United Kingdom alone, fraud costs £52 billion, exceeding the costs of total estimated “organized crime.” Fraud forms an important and growing component of the activities of organized crime networks and hierarchies. This author examines the extent and organization of fraud and its connection to organized crime. He looks at the evidence linking fraud to organized crime, focusing on identity theft and telemarketing scams. He also discusses the kinds of industry, regulatory, and criminal justice measures that are taken against fraud worldwide, along with their effects.
Michael Levi, PhD, is Professor of Criminology at Cardiff University.
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