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date: 07 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Fraud generates illicit income and accounts for a large proportion of the total proceeds of crime, at least in advanced countries. In the United Kingdom alone, fraud costs £52 billion, exceeding the costs of total estimated “organized crime.” Fraud forms an important and growing component of the activities of organized crime networks and hierarchies. This author examines the extent and organization of fraud and its connection to organized crime. He looks at the evidence linking fraud to organized crime, focusing on identity theft and telemarketing scams. He also discusses the kinds of industry, regulatory, and criminal justice measures that are taken against fraud worldwide, along with their effects.

Keywords: fraud, organized crime, identity theft, telemarketing scams, criminal justice, United Kingdom

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