- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections
- Introduction Sentencing and Corrections: Overlapping and Inseparable Subjects
- Mass Incarceration: From Social Policy to Social Problem
- Race, Ethnicity, and Punishment
- The Collateral Effects of Imprisonment on Prisoners, Their Families, and Communities
- Crime Victims, Sentencing, and Release from Prison
- Theories of Proportionality and Desert
- Problem-Solving Courts: An International Comparison
- Searching for Sasquatch: Deterrence of Crime Through Sentence Severity
- Risk Assessment
- Restorative Justice as Evidence-Based Sentencing
- Charging and Plea Bargaining as Forms of Sentencing Discretion
- The “Traditional” Indeterminate Sentencing Model
- The Sentencing Commission Model, 1970s to Present
- Procedure at Sentencing
- American Corrections: Reform Without Change
- Probation, Intermediate Sanctions, and Community-Based Corrections
- Jails, Pre-trial Detention, and Short Term Confinement
- Prison Governance: Correctional Leadership in the Current Era
- Regulating Prison Conditions: Some International Comparisons
- Understanding the Impact of Drug Treatment in Correctional Settings
- The Effectiveness of Corrections-Based Work and Academic and Vocational Education Programs
- Identifying, Treating, and Reducing Risk for Offenders with Mental Illness
- Sex Offender Management and Treatment
- Female Offenders and Women in Prison
- The Psychological Effects of Imprisonment
- Living Life Behind Bars in America
- The Present Status and Future Prospects of Parole Boards and Parole Supervision
- Life on the Outside: Transitioning from Prison to the Community
- The Characteristics of Prisoners Returning Home and Effective Reentry Programs and Policies
- Broken and Beyond Repair: The American Death Penalty and the Insuperable Obstacles to Reform
- The Dark at the Top of the Stairs: Four Destructive Influences of Capital Punishment on American Criminal Justice
Abstract and Keywords
This article studies “invisible punishment” or the “collateral” consequences that follow convictions. It notes that these collateral consequences are sometimes caused by charges or arrests that do not result in conviction. It first studies the relevant legal consequences of being involved with the criminal justice system. It then tests the impact of incarceration and criminal-justice contact on the convicted person. The next section describes the research on how certain communities—and even democracy itself—are influenced by mass incarceration. This article ends with a study of a number of promising reform proposals on invisible punishment.
Alec Ewald is Associate Professor, University of Vermont.
Christopher Uggen is Distinguished McKnight Professor, Chair, Department of Sociology, University of Minnesota.
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