- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections
- Introduction Sentencing and Corrections: Overlapping and Inseparable Subjects
- Mass Incarceration: From Social Policy to Social Problem
- Race, Ethnicity, and Punishment
- The Collateral Effects of Imprisonment on Prisoners, Their Families, and Communities
- Crime Victims, Sentencing, and Release from Prison
- Theories of Proportionality and Desert
- Problem-Solving Courts: An International Comparison
- Searching for Sasquatch: Deterrence of Crime Through Sentence Severity
- Risk Assessment
- Restorative Justice as Evidence-Based Sentencing
- Charging and Plea Bargaining as Forms of Sentencing Discretion
- The “Traditional” Indeterminate Sentencing Model
- The Sentencing Commission Model, 1970s to Present
- Procedure at Sentencing
- American Corrections: Reform Without Change
- Probation, Intermediate Sanctions, and Community-Based Corrections
- Jails, Pre-trial Detention, and Short Term Confinement
- Prison Governance: Correctional Leadership in the Current Era
- Regulating Prison Conditions: Some International Comparisons
- Understanding the Impact of Drug Treatment in Correctional Settings
- The Effectiveness of Corrections-Based Work and Academic and Vocational Education Programs
- Identifying, Treating, and Reducing Risk for Offenders with Mental Illness
- Sex Offender Management and Treatment
- Female Offenders and Women in Prison
- The Psychological Effects of Imprisonment
- Living Life Behind Bars in America
- The Present Status and Future Prospects of Parole Boards and Parole Supervision
- Life on the Outside: Transitioning from Prison to the Community
- The Characteristics of Prisoners Returning Home and Effective Reentry Programs and Policies
- Broken and Beyond Repair: The American Death Penalty and the Insuperable Obstacles to Reform
- The Dark at the Top of the Stairs: Four Destructive Influences of Capital Punishment on American Criminal Justice
Abstract and Keywords
This article provides a vivid description of how persons with mental illness continually find themselves involved in the corrections system. It first explains how their unique needs are interpreted into relevant management problems for corrections agencies. It discusses the 1970s deinstitutionalization movement, where the mentally ill were moved out of state hospital and placed in the community. Unfortunately, most of these mentally ill persons became unemployed, homeless, and even abused drugs and alcohol, which placed them in and out of corrections. This article emphasizes that there is a move towards adequate knowledge on how to identify and effectively treat persons who have mental illnesses, and notes that the public is becoming even more sympathetic to giving services to the nonviolent mentally ill who can be supported within the community.
Jennifer L. Skeem is Professor of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine.
Jillian K. Peterson is Graduate Student, Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine.
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