Abstract and Keywords
Dual process theories divide the realm of mental processes into two general categories depending on whether they operate automatically or in a controlled fashion. This chapter provides an overview of dual process theories in social psychology, focusing on their historical and conceptual developments. Identifying three general categories of dual process theories, the chapter distinguishes between domain-specific theories that focus on particular phenomena, generalized dual process theories that identify domain-independent principles underlying various kinds of phenomena, and formalized dual process theories that quantify the joint contributions of automatic and controlled processes to responses within a single task. The chapter also discusses critical arguments against each type of dual process theorizing, which are integrated in a general outlook on future directions.
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