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date: 26 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Interest in spiritual and religious (numinous) constructs has grown rapidly in the past decade. Corresponding to this interest, numerous scales have been developed to capture these qualities. The presence of so many different measures has generated some difficulties for the field, including the lack of a developed database that supports the psychological validity of many of these instruments. The Assessment of Spirituality and Religious Sentiments (ASPIRES)1 scale addresses these concerns by clearly operationalizing spirituality and religiousness as psychological constructs that have universal relevance. This chapter provides an overview on the development and psychometric integrity of the scale. It also provides an overview of research that has examined the incremental, cross-cultural, and clinical validity of the instrument. It is concluded that the ASPIRES scale provides empirically sustainable definitions of spirituality and religiousness that reinforce their nonredundancy with established personality constructs and their relevance in predicting a wide array of psychosocially significant outcomes.

Keywords: ASPIRES, spirituality, religiousness, validity, assessment

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