Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 09 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Given the pivotal role of clergy inputs in church outputs, it is important to understand religious labor markets: how clergy are allocated to churches, how they are motivated and remunerated, and the implications of these factors for the performance of churches and denominations. Religious labor markets have particular characteristics. Like other motivated agents, clergy’s sense of call conditions their contractual and incentive structures. They have an unusual degree of discretion over time and for many important tasks, such as prayer and sensitive pastoral counseling, monitoring quality and quantity is difficult. Performance evaluation is further complicated by the importance of volunteers and teamwork for outcomes. Denominational governance structures, ranging from the centralized control of the Roman Catholic Church to the local congregational autonomy of Pentecostal churches, greatly affect clergy employment arrangements and incentives. Long-term labor market trends include the feminization of the clergy and problems in recruitment and retention.

Keywords: economics, religion, Christianity, clergy, volunteers, pay, employment, incentives, gender, motivated agents

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.