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date: 27 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The “economic religions” of the modern age, including Marxism, the American progressive-era “gospel of efficiency,” and the beliefs of the economic mainstream of the second half of the twentieth century, shared the conviction that economic progress—however it might best be achieved—would save the world. In the last decades of the twentieth century, however, economic religion was increasingly challenged by a new secular faith, “environmental religion.” For economic religion, the world of nature is seen as a “natural resource.” Nature is to be put to good use by human beings as an instrument of economic progress. In environmental religion, by contrast, nature is seen as having “intrinsic value” independent of human welfare. Human beings have a fundamental ethical obligation to protect and preserve nature that transcends any economic or other such “anthropocentric” concerns.

Keywords: interdisciplinary, economics, theology, religion, Christianity, economic religion, environmental religion, nature, Calvinism

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