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date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

After being enslaved for centuries, the Phrygians recovered at the end of the first century ce. They were, of course, Hellenized, and they produced a great quantity of epigrams. But they used a Greek that was strongly influenced by the region, and their ancestral language once more appeared in writing. They displayed the Phrygo-Anatolian character of their culture through imprecations that protected their tombstones and through ‘confessions’, a reflection of a unique and active paganism. Christianity reached them very early on and produced the most famous Christian inscription, but the fragmentation of the country and its people favoured the emergence of sects, the best known of which, Montanism, seems to have had its own ‘literature’.

Keywords: Imprecations, epigrams, Christianization, Montanism, regional paganism, pagan confessions, culture, society, history.

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