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date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

After a concise introduction, the chapter considers texts of varying length as examples of the literature that was written in hieroglyphs during the period of Roman rule in Egypt. The translated texts belong to the sphere of religious literature: litanies, hymns to several deities, and myths of creation. Other texts, more secular ones, contain descriptions of buildings and festivals or deal with religious astronomy. The reader will also find two texts reporting extraordinary incidents. The sphere of funeral belief is represented by some texts that shed light on the realm of the dead as it was conceived by the Egyptians. One of these texts touches the reader’s heart and mind, since it is an imaginary letter written by a deceased Egyptian lady to her former husband telling him about her sad destiny in the netherworld.

Keywords: Cornelius Gallus, creation, festival, hymn, Isis, litany, myth, netherworld, Osiris, sacred bull

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