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date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter looks at Latin literature in the Roman Empire, focusing on its role in expressing Roman domination of the Mediterranean world—its competition with the Greek literature it both admired and sort to displace, its technical texts (e.g. Pliny’s Natural History and the texts of Roman law) which expressed practical mastery, its reinforcement of imperial ideology in the presentation of the princeps, especially in the contexts of the initial dedications of various works and of formal imperial panegyric, its presentation of non-Roman races in historiography and ethnography, its expression of political hegemony through the key texts of the epic genre, and its final move though a particular focus on the figure of the emperor into another world-dominating discourse—that of Christianity.

Keywords: Latin, domination, ideology, hegemony, imperial

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