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date: 21 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The rich epigraphic corpus from the Syrian caravan city of Palmyra (first century BCE–third century CE) is an invaluable source for the study of the complex and multifaceted local culture. In addition, Palmyrene epigraphic records come from other Near Eastern sites, for example Dura Europos, and have also been unearthed in Europe, in the UK and elsewhere. The inscriptions are mainly carved on stone and may be classified as honorific, dedicatory and funerary. Among significant documents is the Tariff, a long Greek and Palmyrene record of municipal levies on imported and exported goods. Although many inscriptions have a formulaic, somewhat fixed structure, they contain a lot of information and significant variations and are an invaluable source for the reconstruction of Palmyrene legal language, aspects of religion and culture, of the interaction of various ethnic components at Palmyra and for the study of Palmyrene Aramaic.

Keywords: Caravan city, Dura Europos, dedicatory inscriptions, funerary inscriptions, honorific inscriptions, Palmyra, Palmyrene Aramaic, Palmyrene legal language, Tariff

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