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date: 24 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Sikhism, like all religious traditions, is undergoing changes in an era of globalization. It was for years a regional religion in South Asia, and then became a world religion in the Sikh diaspora. It is now becoming a global religion where the global Sikh diaspora affects politics in South Asia, and where the Sikh community in South Asia is affected by transnational trends in global affairs. The early twentieth-century Ghadar movement of diaspora Sikhs is an example of the former, and the late twentieth-century Khalistani movement of Sikh separatism is an example of the latter. The transnational Sikh community continues to evolve in the multicultural world of the twenty-first century.

Keywords: global Sikhism, Ghadar, Khalistani movement, diaspora, transnational religion, global religion, religion and politics, multiculturalism

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