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date: 25 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses heterogeneous beliefs and practices of the Sikhs, their class/caste differentiation and ethnic antagonism, and their moderate and extremist politics in the context of Punjab state. It shows that the Jat Sikhs have appropriated the leadership of Sikh institutions, resulting in competitive and factional politics of the Akali and Congress Sikhs. In response to the hegemonic behaviour of the Jat Sikhs, Ramgarhia, Labana, and Dalit Sikhs are trying to consolidate their ethnic groups and assert their respective identities to underline diversity within the Panth.

Keywords: Akali Sikhs, Congress Sikhs, Sikh militants, Jat Sikhs, Dalit Sikhs, Ramgarhia Sikhs, Labana Sikhs, Sikh religious diversity, Sikh sants and babas

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