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date: 07 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Within the practice of scriptural exegesis it is customary for Muslim commentators to augment the Qur’an’s theological arguments, to explain its theological symbols, and to provide solutions to problems that concerned, broadly speaking, God’s relationship to His creation. This chapter considers the theological activity that took place in Qur’anic exegesis in medieval Islam. It focuses on the commentators and movements that have been the subject of scholarly examination, including (but not limited to) the Muʿtazila, Maturidi, Ṭabarī, and Razi. It pays special attention to the close and complex relationships between theological principles (or ideas) and tafsīr methodology. It provides directives for further research in several areas.

Keywords: tafsīr, exegesis, Muʿtazila, Ṭabarī, Māturīdī, Rāzī.

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