Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 07 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter considers the history of the Qur’anic text from its origins until its final presentation as a fixed text, with a particular focus on research questions. It briefly considers how this text moves from a pre-revelation phase (the Preserved Tablet) to a post-revelation phase of a spoken and written Qur’an. We see an initial degree of allowable variation in the time of the Prophet being reduced by caliphal decree at the time of ʿUthmān. This first standardization is followed by a second, concerning mainly spelling, in the time of ‘Abd al-Malik. Over the next two centuries, local traditions become solidified into the commonly accepted readings of today, while other non-standard variants maintain a limited presence only in the literature.

Keywords: Qur’an, readings, revelation, variants, multiformity, ikhtiyār

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.