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date: 15 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

‘Politics’ is confined in this chapter to the question of legitimate versus illegitimate Muslim rule. Political questions were addressed when the Prophet Muḥammad shaped his Medinan community in the first/seventh century in the light of numerous Qur’anic revelations. New political problems, however, arose when a successor to the Prophet had to be found after the Prophet’s death. 1,400 years later, the question if and to what degree Qur’anic rules that addressed the socio-political reality of Medina should be binding for later Muslim societies and their political leaders is a core question for Muslim political and religious thought.

Keywords: legitimate rule, caliphate, constitution, Medina, warfare, Hamas

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