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date: 07 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The assumption that the narratives, themes, and exempla of the Qur’an were distilled from traditional and apocryphal biblical sources formed an axial theme in early studies of the Qur’an. Within this context, the extensive attempts to identify the traceable sources of the Qur’an placed the study of its vocabulary at the vanguard of treatments of the text. Although historically much of the foundational scholarship on Arabic and its sources had commenced through the matrix of biblical philology, the materials generated by these efforts provided analogues and terms of reference which were used to analyse the vocabulary of the Qur’an. Encompassing a range of strategies and approaches, the tenor and design of the scholarship have evolved. This chapter reviews some of the key studies in the field, introducing debates, arguments, and discussions which have shaped the study of the vocabulary of the Qur’an.

Keywords: Arabic Lexicon, foreign vocabulary, gharīb, philology, borrowing, etymology, Qur’anic dictionaries, hapax legomena

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