(p. xvii) List of Contributors
(p. xvii) List of Contributors
Barbara Abbott received a PhD in linguistics from the University of California at Berkeley in 1976, and taught linguistics and philosophy at Michigan State University from 1976 to 2006, where she is Emeritus Professor of Linguistics and Philosophy. She is the author of Reference (Oxford University Press, 2010) as well as numerous articles on topics in semantics, pragmatics, and philosophy of language, including ‘Doing without a partitive constraint’, ‘Water = H2O’, ‘The formal approach to meaning’, ‘Support for a unique theory of definite descriptions’, ‘Presuppositions as nonassertions’, ‘Definiteness and indefiniteness’, and ‘Some remarks on indicative conditionals’.
Mira Ariel is Professor of Linguistics at Tel Aviv University. Using a usage-based rather than a logic-based approach to language, her research focuses on the language–cognition interface (accessibility theory) and on the grammar–pragmatics interface (scalar quantifiers and so-called logical connectives). She has published numerous articles, as well as three books: Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents (Routledge, 1990), Pragmatics and Grammar (Cambridge University Press, 2008), and Defining Pragmatics (Cambridge University Press, 2010).
Bruno G. Bara (MD, with a PhD in Medical Psychology) is Professor of Psychology at the University of Turin. He worked with Philip Johnson-Laird at Cambridge, studying syllogistic inference, and then with John Searle at Berkeley, studying communication acts. In 1993, he founded the Centre for Cognitive Science at the University and Polytechnic of Turin, which has since become an influential school in cognitive pragmatics. His research focuses on the mental processes underlying communication through different methods. In recent years, his main interest has been in social neuroscience. In particular, he has been working on the neural bases of social interaction in neurotypical and clinical populations. He is also a cognitive therapist in the constructivist vein; he founded two schools of cognitive psychotherapy in northern Italy, focusing on increasing the clients’ awareness about themselves through the client/therapist relation. He is the author of Cognitive Science (Psychology Press, 1995) and Cognitive Pragmatics (MIT Press, 2010)
Anne Bezuidenhout is Professor of Philosophy and Core Member of Linguistics at the University of South Carolina, where she currently serves as Senior Associate Dean of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences. She has published on issues at the semantics–pragmatics interface, as well as in experimental pragmatics. Amongst her current projects are ones on the role of discourse coherence relations in pronoun resolution and (p. xviii) on the nature of the process of conversational tailoring that interlocutors engage in the course of conversational exchanges.
Betty J. Birner received her PhD in linguistics from Northwestern University in 1992. She held a two-year postdoctoral fellowship at University of Pennsylvania’s Institute for Research in Cognitive Science from 1993–1995, and is Professor in the Department of English at Northern Illinois University. Her books include The Discourse Function of Inversion in English (1996), Information Status and Noncanonical Word Order in English (1998, co-authored with Gregory Ward), and Drawing the Boundaries of Meaning: Neo-Gricean Studies in Pragmatics and Semantics in Honour of Laurence R. Horn (2006, co-edited with Gregory Ward).
Reinhard Blutner is Emeritus Lecturer in artificial intelligence and cognitive philosophy at the University of Amsterdam. He began his scientific career in theoretical physics and shifted later to artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and linguistics. His main research interests lie in the semantics and pragmatics of natural language, but he has contributed to other fields as well, including the psychology of language, neural-symbolic integration, and quantum cognition. He has numerous publications, including an edited volume on optimality theory and pragmatics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003) and a monograph on optimal communication (CSLI Publications, 2006).
Penelope Brown is Senior Researcher Emeritus at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen, the Netherlands. She has worked for many years in a Tzeltal Maya community in southern Mexico, on research that broadly addresses relationships between language, culture, and cognition and ranges across spatial language and cognition, conversational structure and inference, the systematics of social interaction, and child language socialization. She is (with Stephen Levinson) the author of Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage, and editor (with Melissa Bowerman) of Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure: Implications for Language Acquisition. She is currently writing two books based on her research in Mexico, one on Tzeltal conversation, the other on spatial language and cognition.
Harry Bunt is Professor of Computational Linguistics at Tilburg University in the Netherlands. He started out as a theoretical physicist with a side interest in artificial intelligence, and worked for a number of years at Philips Research. He later moved into AI and language understanding. He published the monograph Mass Terms and Model-Theoretic Semantics (Cambridge University Press, 1985) and the edited volumes Computing Meaning 1–4 (Kluwer/Springer, 1999–2014). His research has been concerned with all aspects of language processing, with a focus on computational semantics and pragmatics, as well as with multimodal interaction, knowledge representation, context modelling and reasoning. With William Black he published the book Abduction, Belief, and Context in Dialogue (Benjamins, 2000). He developed the framework of Dynamic Interpretation Theory for dialogue semantics and pragmatics, including the DIT++ taxonomy of dialogue act types, and is the main author of the ISO 24617-2 standard for dialogue act annotation.
(p. xix) Robyn Carston is Professor of Linguistics at University College London and Research Coordinator at the Centre for the Study of Mind in Nature, Oslo. Her main research interests are in pragmatics, semantics, relevance theory, word meaning, and figurative language. She has published a monograph Thoughts and Utterances: The Pragmatics of Explicit Communication (Blackwell, 2002) and is preparing a collection of papers to be published under the title Pragmatics and Semantic Content (Oxford University Press).
Louise Cummings is Professor of Linguistics at Nottingham Trent University in the UK. She conducts research in pragmatics and clinical linguistics. She is the author of Pragmatics: A Multidisciplinary Perspective (Edinburgh University Press, 2005), Clinical Linguistics (Edinburgh University Press, 2008), Clinical Pragmatics (Cambridge University Press, 2009), Communication Disorders (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014), Pragmatic Disorders (Springer, 2014), Communication Disorders Workbook (Cambridge University Press, 2014), and Pragmatic and Discourse Disorders: A Workbook (Cambridge University Press, 2015). She has edited The Routledge Pragmatics Encyclopedia (2010) and the Cambridge Handbook of Communication Disorders (2014). She has held Visiting Fellowships in the Department of Philosophy at Harvard University and in the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences, and Humanities (CRASSH) at Cambridge University.
Wolfgang U. Dressler studied linguistics and classical philology in Vienna, Rome, and Paris. He was then briefly a teacher of Greek and Latin, and a Greek epigraphist, and after completing his habilitation taught at the University of Vienna (1968), at UCLA (1970), and at Ohio State University (1970–1971). He was afterwards Professor of Linguistics and Head of Department at the University of Vienna (1971–2008), and is now head of the working group ‘Comparative Psycholinguistics’ at the Department of Linguistics of the University of Vienna and of the Institute for Corpus Linguistics and Text Technology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. A member of several academies and Dr. h.c. of Paris, Athens, and Poznan, he has worked with varying focus on diachrony, text linguistics, phonology, morphology, pragmatics, aphasia, and language acquisition.
N. J. Enfield is Professor and Chair of Linguistics at the University of Sydney, Australia. He is also a research associate at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in the Netherlands. He was leader of the European Research Council project ‘Human Sociality and Systems of Language Use’ from 2010 to 2014. His research on language, culture, and cognition, from both micro and macro perspectives, is based on extended fieldwork in mainland South-East Asia, especially Laos. His books include The Utility of Meaning (Oxford University Press, 2015), Natural Causes of Language (Language Science Press, 2014), The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology (Cambridge University Press, 2014, with Jack Sidnell and Paul Kockelman), Relationship Thinking (Oxford University Press, 2013), The Anatomy of Meaning (Cambridge University Press, 2009), A Grammar of Lao (Mouton, 2007), Roots of Human Sociality (Berg, 2006, with Stephen C. Levinson), Linguistic Epidemiology (Routledge, 2003), and Ethnosyntax: Explorations in Grammar and Culture (Oxford University Press, 2002).
(p. xx) J. César Félix-Brasdefer is Associate Professor in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese, and also adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Second Language Studies as well as the Department of Linguistics at Indiana University, Bloomington, USA. His research interests include pragmatics, discourse analysis, cross-cultural and interlanguage pragmatics, pragmatic variation, and (im)politeness theory. In addition to books and edited volumes, Professor Félix-Brasdefer has published numerous research articles and book reviews in a variety of scholarly journals. His most recent book is entitled The Language of Service Encounters: A Pragmatic-Discursive Approach (Cambridge University Press, 2015).
Anita Fetzer is Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Augsburg, Germany. She received her PhD from Stuttgart University in 1993 and her habilitation in 2003, and is currently engaged in research projects on follow-ups in political discourse, and on the overt and non-overt realization of discourse relations. Her research interests focus on functional grammar, contrastive analysis, modality and evidentiality, and context. She has had a series of articles published on rejections, context, and political discourse. Her most recent publications are Contexts and Context: Parts Meets Whole (Benjamins, 2011, with Etsuko Oishi), Political Discourse in the Media (Benjamins, 2007, with Gerda Lauerbach), Context and Appropriateness (Benjamins, 2007), and Recontextualizing Context: Grammaticality Meets Appropriateness (Benjamins, 2004). She is the editor of the Pragmatics & Beyond New Series.
Bart Geurts is Professor of the Philosophy of Language and Logic at the University of Nijmegen. He has authored and co-authored publications on a wide variety of topics in semantics and pragmatics, including a monograph on presupposition (Elsevier, 1999) and one on quantity implicatures (Cambridge University Press, 2010). Although his core business is semantic and pragmatic theory, he has been involved with experimental research as well, and has contributed to various other fields, including the psychology of language, the psychology of reasoning, and social cognition.
Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr, is Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Santa Cruz. His research interests focus on embodied cognition, pragmatics, and figurative language. He is the author of several books, including The Poetics of Mind: Figurative Thought, Language and Understanding (1994), Intentions in the Experience of Meaning (1999), Embodiment and Cognitive Science (2006), and (with Herb Colston) Interpreting Figurative Meaning (2012), all published by Cambridge University Press. He is also the editor of the Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought (2008), and editor of the interdisciplinary journal Metaphor and Symbol.
Julia Hirschberg is Percy K. and Vida L. W. Hudson Professor of Computer Science and Chair of the Computer Science Department at Columbia University. She worked at Bell Laboratories and AT&T Laboratories—Research from 1985–2003 as a Member of Technical Staff and a Department Head, creating the Human–Computer Interface Research Department in 1994. She served as editor-in-chief of Computational Linguistics from 1993–2003 and co-editor-in-chief of Speech Communication from 2003–2006. (p. xxi) She served on the Executive Board of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL) from 1993–2003, on the Permanent Council of International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP) since 1996, and on the board of the International Speech Communication Association (ISCA) from 1999–2007 (as President 2005–2007); she has also served on the CRA Executive Board (2013–2014). She now serves on the IEEE Speech and Language Processing Technical Committee, the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Council, the Executive Board of the North American ACL, and the board of the CRA-W. She has been AAAI Fellow since 1994, ISCA Fellow since 2008, and (founding) ACL Fellow since 2011, and was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 2014. She is a winner of the IEEE James L. Flanagan Speech and Audio Processing Award (2011) and the ISCA Medal for Scientific Achievement (2011).
Laurence R. Horn is Professor of Linguistics and Philosophy at Yale University, where he has taught since 1981. His linguistics PhD dissertation (UCLA, 1972, supervised by B. H. Partee) introduced the notion of scalar implicature. He has written over 100 papers and handbook entries on implicature, presupposition, negation, polarity, word meaning, grammatical variation, logic, and the semantics–pragmatics interface; his 1985 paper ‘Metalinguistic negation and pragmatic ambiguity’ was selected to appear in the LSA’s Best of Language compilation. He is the author of A Natural History of Negation (Chicago University Press, 1989; CSLI, 2001) and the editor or co-editor of Negation and Polarity (Oxford University Press, 2000), The Handbook of Pragmatics (Blackwell, 2004), Explorations in Pragmatics (de Gruyter, 2007), The Expression of Negation (de Gruyter, 2010), and Micro-Syntactic Variation in North American English (Oxford University Press, 2014). He is an elected fellow of the Linguistic Society of America and was past editor of the Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics series for Garland and Routledge.
Yan Huang received his PhD in Linguistics at the University of Cambridge. He also holds a DPhil from the University of Oxford. He is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Auckland, and Changjiang Scholar Chair Professor (appointed by the Ministry of Education, China) at Beijing Foreign Studies University. He has previously taught linguistics at the universities of Cambridge, Oxford, and Reading, where he was Professor of Theoretical Linguistics. He has also spent his sabbaticals/research leaves at Yale, Harvard, Cambridge, and Oxford universities, and at a number of top universities in Australia and China. His books include The Syntax and Pragmatics of Anaphora (Cambridge University Press, 1994, reissued in 2007), Anaphora: A Cross-Linguistic Study (Oxford University Press, 2000), Pragmatics (Oxford University Press, 2007), The Oxford Dictionary of Pragmatics (Oxford University Press, 2012), and Pragmatics, second edition (Oxford University Press, 2014). He has also published numerous articles and reviews in leading international journals of linguistics. He is on the editorial board of a number of international linguistics journals and research monograph series. He is the editor of this handbook, and will serve as the editor of a new international journal of pragmatics Brill Research Perspectives on Pragmatics in 2016.
(p. xxii) Andreas H. Jucker is Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences and Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Zurich. Previously, he taught at the Justus Liebig University, Giessen. His current research interests include historical pragmatics, politeness theory, speech act theory, and the grammar and history of English. His recent publications include Handbook of Historical Pragmatics (Mouton, 2010, co-edited with Irma Taavitsainen), Communicating Early English Manuscripts (Cambridge University Press, 2011, co-edited with Päivi Pahta), English Historical Pragmatics (Edinburgh University Press, 2013, co-authored with Irma Taavitsainen), and Communities of Practice in the History of English (Benjamins, 2013, co-edited with Joanna Kopaczyk).
Elsi Kaiser is Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Southern California. Her research focuses mostly on psycholinguistics, especially sentence processing and issues related to reference resolution, information structure, and the syntax–pragmatics–semantics interface(s). She is especially interested in how different kinds of information interact and are integrated during language processing and what this can tell us about the nature of the mental representations activated during processing. In her own research and in collaborative work, she has conducted work in a range of languages, including English, Finnish, Estonian, Dutch, German, Chinese, and Korean. Her research methodology is interdisciplinary in nature, and incorporates tools and insights from linguistic theory as well as behavioural experiments, including visual-world eye-tracking.
Istvan Kecskes is Distinguished Professor of the State University of New York System. His research interest is in pragmatics, second-language acquisition, and bilingualism. He is the President of the American Pragmatics Association (AMPRA) and the Chinese as a Second Language Research Association (CASLAR). His book Foreign Language and Mother Tongue (Erlbaum, 2000), co-authored with Tunde Papp, was the first book that described the effect of the second language on the first language based on longitudinal research. His latest books are Intercultural Pragmatics (Oxford University Press, 2013), Research in Chinese as a Second Language (de Gruyter, 2013), and with Romero-Trillo, Research Trends in Intercultural Pragmatics (de Gruyter, 2013). Professor Kecskes is the founding editor of the journal Intercultural Pragmatics and the Mouton Series in Pragmatics as well as the Chinese–English journal Chinese as a Second Language Research published by Mouton.
Stephen C. Levinson is Director of the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics and Professor of Comparative Linguistics at Radboud University, Nijmegen. He is the author of over 270 publications on language and cognition, including the books Politeness (Cambridge University Press, 1987, with Penelope Brown), Pragmatics (Cambridge University Press, 1983), Presumptive Meanings (MIT Press, 2000), Space in Language and Cognition (Cambridge University Press, 2003), and has edited the collections Grammars of Space with D. Wilkins (Cambridge University Press), Language Acquisition and Conceptual Development with M. Bowerman (Cambridge University Press), Culture and Evolution with P. Jaisson (MIT Press), Roots of Sociality with N. Enfield (Berg), and a (p. xxiii) new edition of Language, Thought, and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf with P. Lee (MIT Press). His current research is focused on the cognitive foundations for communication and the relation of language to general cognition. He is Fellow of the British Academy and the Academia Europaea and has received a five–year ERC Advanced Grant in 2011.
Lavinia Merlini-Barbaresi is Professor Emerita of English Linguistics and former Director of the PhD School in Linguistics at the University of Pisa. Her scientific interests are in text linguistics, language and discourse varieties, pragmatics, and semiotics, with a special focus on markedness and text complexity and on the pragmatic effects of morphology. She has published in national and international journals and collections, and has authored volumes, among which are Markedness in English Discourse and Morphopragmatics (co-authored with W. U. Dressler). She has also edited the volume Complexity in Language and Text.
Jacob L. Mey studied medicine, philosophy, Dutch philology, and general and computational linguistics at the universities of Amsterdam, Nijmegen, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo, and Prague. He acquired a licentiate in philosophy in 1951 and a PhD in linguistics in 1959; he was created Dr. Phil. H.c. in 1993 (Zaragoza) and 2006 (Bucharest). His main interests include the pragmatics of language, especially as it concerns oppressed groups. Among his recent works are a textbook Pragmatics, second edition (2001), and a study on literary pragmatics When Voices Clash (2000); his reflections on language and society are bundled in a Portuguese-language monograph As vozes da sociedade (2006). In 2012, the first part of his memoirs was incorporated in a festschrift bundle entitled Language in Life and a Life in Language. In 1977, he founded (with Hartmut Haberland) the Journal of Pragmatics of which he was editor-in-chief until 2010; in 2008, he edited the Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics, second edition (Elsevier). Jacob L. Mey is the author of numerous articles on pragmatics and other linguistic subjects. In 2010, he founded (with Hartmut Haberland and Kerstin Fischer) the journal Pragmatics and Society (Benjamins), of which he remains the chief editor
Pamela R. Rollins is Associate Professor of Communication Disorders at the Callier Center for Communication Disorders, the University of Texas at Dallas. Her early research focused on the development of tools to understand pragmatic development in typical children. She used these tools to define learning and communication processes associated with acquisition of social communication and language in typically developing children and children with ASD. Currently her research focus is on developing and evaluating interventions for children at risk for and diagnosed with ASD, and defining learning and communication processes associated with ASD. Professor Rollins works with a robotics designer to create a Robots4Autism social skills curriculum. She is conducting research to understand the effects of robots on social interaction and communication in children with ASD.
Emanuel A. Schegloff is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Sociology and Applied Linguistics, UCLA. He was educated at Harvard College (BA, 1958 magna cum laude) (p. xxiv) and at the University of California, Berkeley (MA 1960, PhD 1967). Most of his teaching has been at Columbia University (1965–1972) and the University of California, Los Angeles (1972–2010), with research leaves at Rockefeller University (1972), the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences and Humanities (1978–1979), and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA (1998–1999), the last of these supported by a Fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. He is the author of over 100 publications, including the book Sequence Organization in Interaction: A Primer in Conversation Analysis (Cambridge University Press, 2007) and papers in many interdisciplinary volumes and diverse journals (e.g. American Anthropologist, American Journal of Sociology, Applied Linguistics, Discourse & Society, Discourse Processes, Discourse Studies, Gesture, Journal of Pragmatics, Language, Language and Speech, Language in Society, Linguistics, Research on Language and Social Interaction, Semiotica, Social Problems, Social Research, and Social Psychology Quarterly inter alia).
Jack Sidnell is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Toronto. His research focuses on the structures of talk and interaction in a range of settings. In addition to research in the Caribbean and Vietnam, he has examined talk in court and among young children. He is the author of Conversation Analysis: An Introduction (Wiley/Blackwell, 2010), the editor of Conversation Analysis: Comparative Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 2009), and the co-editor of The Handbook of Conversation Analysis (Wiley/Blackwell, 2012, with Tanya Stivers), The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology (Cambridge University Press, 2014, with Nick Enfield and Paul Kockelman), and Conversational Repair and Human Understanding (Cambridge University Press, 2013, with Makoto Hayashi and Geoffrey Raymond).
Brigitte Stemmer completed her studies in applied linguistics at the University of Bochum and obtained her medical degree at the University of Essen, Germany. After spending several years as a physician and clinical researcher in a neurological acute care and rehabilitation hospital, she was awarded Canada Research Chair in Neuroscience and Neuropragmatics at the Université de Montreal, Canada where she is a full professor and researcher at the Centre de Recherche, Institut universitaire de Geriatrie de Montreal (CRIUGM). She is an associate researcher at the Department of Psychology at Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario.
Jef Verschueren received a PhD in Linguistics from the University of California at Berkeley. After a long career as a researcher for the Flemish Fund for Scientific Research, he is now Professor of Linguistics at the University of Antwerp, Belgium. He is the founder and Secretary General of the International Pragmatics Association, and he directs the IPrA Research Center. His main interests are theory formation in linguistic pragmatics, intercultural and international communication, and language and ideology. In all these areas he has published extensively. Some recent publications include the annually updated Handbook of Pragmatics (John Benjamins, first published in 1995, now also available online), Debating Diversity: Analysing the Discourse (p. xxv) of Tolerance (Routledge, 1998, co-authored with Jan Blommaert), Understanding Pragmatics (Edward Arnold, 1999), and Ideology in Language Use: Pragmatic Guidelines for Empirical Research (Cambridge University Press, 2012).
Gregory Ward (1978, UC-Berkeley, BA in Comparative Literature and Linguistics (with honours); 1985, Penn, PhD) is currently Professor of Linguistics, Gender & Sexuality Studies, and Philosophy at Northwestern University, where he has taught since 1986 (and was Chair from 1999 to 2004). Professor Ward’s primary research area is discourse/pragmatics, with specific interests in pragmatic theory, information structure, and reference/anaphora. His scholarship includes over 175 talks, 75 papers, and four books: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Preposing (1996), Information Status and Noncanonical Word Order in English (1998, co-authored with Betty Birner), The Handbook of Pragmatics (2004, co-edited with Laurence R. Horn), and Drawing the Boundaries of Meaning: Neo-Gricean Studies in Pragmatics and Semantics in Honor of Laurence R. Horn (2006, co-edited with Betty J. Birner). Outside Northwestern, he has taught at eight Linguistic Society of America (LSA) Summer Linguistic Institutes. From 1986 to 1998, he was a consultant at AT&T Labs, working on intonational meaning. In 2004–2005, he was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and from 2004 to 2007 he served as Secretary-Treasurer of the LSA. He was also elected Fellow of the LSA in 2009 and was the 2012 recipient of the E. LeRoy Hall Award for Excellence in Teaching in Northwestern’s Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences.
Deirdre Wilson is Emeritus Professor of Linguistics at University College London and Research Professor of Philosophy and co-director (with Herman Cappelen) of the Linguistic Agency project at the Centre for the Study of Mind in Nature, University of Oslo. Her main research interests are in communication and theoretical pragmatics: her long-standing collaboration with Dan Sperber (Relevance: Communication and Cognition, Blackwell, 1986, second edition 1995; Meaning and Relevance, Cambridge University Press, 2012) has led to publications on a wide variety of pragmatic topics, from disambiguation and reference resolution to rhetoric, style, and the interpretation of literary works. Her novel Slave of the Passions was published by Picador in 1991 and she has just completed a second.