- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Pragmatics
- Preface and Acknowledgements
- List of Symbols and Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: What is Pragmatics?
- Contextualism and Semantic Minimalism
- Neo-Gricean Pragmatics
- Relevance Theory
- Formal Pragmatics
- Continental European Perspective View
- The Sociological Foundations of Pragmatics
- Presupposition and Givenness
- Speech Acts
- Deixis and the Interactional Foundations of Reference
- Cognitive Pragmatics
- Developmental Pragmatics
- Experimental Pragmatics
- Computational Pragmatics
- Clinical Pragmatics
- Politeness and Impoliteness
- Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Pragmatics
- Interlanguage Pragmatics
- Conversation Analysis
- Pragmatics and Semantics
- Pragmatics and Grammar: More Pragmatics or More Grammar
- Pragmatics and Morphology: Morphopragmatics
- Pragmatics and the Lexicon
- Pragmatics and Prosody
- Pragmatics and Language Change: Historical Pragmatics
- Pragmatics and Information Structure
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter describes some of the important research in experimental pragmatics, most notably studies related to recovering speakers’ intentions, inferring conversational implicatures, and the role of common ground in discourse understanding. My aim is to demonstrate the utility of different experimental methods for studying pragmatics, and how research findings in the field are relevant to traditional concerns within the linguistic pragmatics community. But I will also argue that experimental pragmatic studies show great regularities and significant variation, both within and across individuals, in the ways people speak and understand language. My alternative view claims that dynamical, self-organizing processes form the critical background from which meaningful pragmatic actions emerge. The implications of this position for interdisciplinary pragmatic research will be discussed.
Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr. (PhD 1980) is professor of psychology at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He received his PhD from the University of California, San Diego, and did postdoctoral research in cognitive science at Yale and Stanford Universities before joining the faculty at UC Santa Cruz. Gibbs's research focuses on language, thought, and embodied experience, especially in relation to pragmatics and figurative language. He is author of The Poetics of Mind: Figurative Thought, Language, and Understanding (1994), Intentions in the Experience of Meaning (1999), and Embodiment and Cognitive Science (2006), all published by Cambridge University Press. He is also coeditor of Metaphor in Cognitive Linguistics (with Gerard Steen, 1999) and is currently editor of the journal Metaphor and Symbol. Gibbs became interested in Cognitive Linguistics because of his studies on idiom and metaphor processing, and more general concern with the relations between thought, language, and the body. Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr., can be reached at email@example.com.
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