- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Pragmatics
- Preface and Acknowledgements
- List of Symbols and Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: What is Pragmatics?
- Contextualism and Semantic Minimalism
- Neo-Gricean Pragmatics
- Relevance Theory
- Formal Pragmatics
- Continental European Perspective View
- The Sociological Foundations of Pragmatics
- Presupposition and Givenness
- Speech Acts
- Deixis and the Interactional Foundations of Reference
- Cognitive Pragmatics
- Developmental Pragmatics
- Experimental Pragmatics
- Computational Pragmatics
- Clinical Pragmatics
- Politeness and Impoliteness
- Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Pragmatics
- Interlanguage Pragmatics
- Conversation Analysis
- Pragmatics and Semantics
- Pragmatics and Grammar: More Pragmatics or More Grammar
- Pragmatics and Morphology: Morphopragmatics
- Pragmatics and the Lexicon
- Pragmatics and Prosody
- Pragmatics and Language Change: Historical Pragmatics
- Pragmatics and Information Structure
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
Variation in prosody can influence the interpretation of linguistic phenomena in many languages. Type and location of prosodic prominence and prosodic phrase boundaries, differences in overall fundamental frequency (f0) contours, and changes in intensity, duration, and speaking rate can serve to inform hearers about syntactic attachment, disambiguate scope of modifiers and negation, signal information status, indicate type of speech act or propositional attitude, and contribute to the licensing of implicatures and to reference resolution. This chapter discusses aspects of prosodic variation and pragmatic meaning which have been explored in linguistics, computational linguistics, and psycholinguistics. It begins by describing some commonly used frameworks for representing prosody, including the ToBI framework, which is used to identify prosodic variation throughout. The pragmatic influence of prosody on the interpretation of syntactic, semantic, and discourse phenomena is then examined. It concludes by suggesting new avenues for research in the relationship between prosody and pragmatic interpretation.
Julia Hirschberg is Percy K. and Vida L. W. Hudson Professor of Computer Science and Chair of the Computer Science Department at Columbia University. She worked at Bell Laboratories and AT&T Laboratories - Research from 1985-2003 as a Member of Technical Staff and a Department Head, creating the Human-Computer Interface Research Department in 1994. She served as editor-in-chief of Computational Linguistics from 1993-2003 and co-editor-in-chief of Speech Communication from 2003-2006. She served on the Executive Board of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL) from 1993-2003, on the Permanent Council of International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP) since 1996, and on the board of the International Speech Communication Association (ISCA) from 1999-2007 (as President 2005-2007); she has served on the CRA Executive Board (2013-14). She now serves on the IEEE Speech and Language Processing Technical Committee, the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Council, the Executive Board of the North American ACL, and the board of the CRA-W. She has been an AAAI fellow since 1994, an ISCA Fellow since 2008, and a (founding) ACL Fellow since 2011, and was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 2014. She is a winner of the IEEE James L. Flanagan Speech and Audio Processing Award (2011) and the ISCA Medal for Scientific Achievement (2011).
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