- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Pragmatics
- Preface and Acknowledgements
- List of Symbols and Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: What is Pragmatics?
- Contextualism and Semantic Minimalism
- Neo-Gricean Pragmatics
- Relevance Theory
- Formal Pragmatics
- Continental European Perspective View
- The Sociological Foundations of Pragmatics
- Presupposition and Givenness
- Speech Acts
- Deixis and the Interactional Foundations of Reference
- Cognitive Pragmatics
- Developmental Pragmatics
- Experimental Pragmatics
- Computational Pragmatics
- Clinical Pragmatics
- Politeness and Impoliteness
- Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Pragmatics
- Interlanguage Pragmatics
- Conversation Analysis
- Pragmatics and Semantics
- Pragmatics and Grammar: More Pragmatics or More Grammar
- Pragmatics and Morphology: Morphopragmatics
- Pragmatics and the Lexicon
- Pragmatics and Prosody
- Pragmatics and Language Change: Historical Pragmatics
- Pragmatics and Information Structure
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
Within a theory of morphopragmatics, we give an account of the relationship between morphology and pragmatics starting from two major theoretical premises: first, that pragmatics is not a secondary meaning derived from semantics—on the contrary we assume a priority of pragmatics over semantics—and second, that morphology is capable of a direct interface with pragmatics, not mediated through its semantics. Thus certain morphological patterns may generate autonomous pragmatic meanings, independently of their denotative power. Eligible patterns are primarily evaluative affixes (diminutives, augmentatives, pejoratives), familiarizers, like French -o, and hypocoristics, whose effects extend from the pertinent base word to the entire speech act. Other morphological elements, such as for example the Japanese honorific -masu and the Germanic and Hungarian excessive, limit their pragmatic scope to the word base. Some other morphological patterns are more marginal, for example feminine motional suffixes or pluralis maiestatis.
Wolfgang U. Dressler studied linguistics and classical philology in Vienna, Rome, and Paris. He was then briefly a teacher of Greek and Latin and Greek epigraphist, taught after the Habilitation at the University of Vienna (1968), at UCLA (1970), and at Ohio State University (1970-1971). He was afterwards professor of linguistics and department head at the University of Vienna (1971 – 2008), and is now head of the Working Group “Comparative Psycholinguistics” at the Department of Linguistics of the University of Vienna and of the Institute for Corpus Linguistics and Text Technology of the Australian Academy of Sciences. A Member of several academies and Dr.h.c. of Paris, Athens, and Poznan, he has worked with varying focus on diachrony, text linguistics, phonology, morphology, pragmatics, aphasia and language acquisition.
Lavinia Merlini-Barbaresi is Professor emerita of English Linguistics and former Director of the PhD School in Linguistics at the University of Pisa. Her scientific interests are in text linguistics, language and discourse varieties, pragmatics and semiotics, with special focus on markedness, and text complexity and on the pragmatic effects of morphology. She has published in national and international journals and collections, and authored volumes, among which are Markedness in English discourse and Morphopragmatics (co-authored with W. U. Dressler). She has also edited the volume Complexity in language and text.
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